The datasets are temperature time series from strings of thermistors, each located at a discrete depth within one of six boreholes into Khumbu Glacier, Nepal. Boreholes were drilled in May 2017 and 2018 to investigate the internal properties of Khumbu Glacier, specifically ice thickness, temperature, deformation and structure, as part of the NERC-funded 'EverDrill' research project. Supporting borehole information is provided as a related dataset. The data are presented in whole or in part in Miles et al. (2018).
Funding was provided by the NERC grant NE/P00265X/1 and NE/P002021/1.
Ice boreholes, Ice temperature, Khumbu Glacier, Nepal
|ISO Topic Categories:||
|Role(s)||Investigator, Technical Contact|
|Organisation||University of Leeds|
|Organisation||University of Leeds|
|Reference:||Miles, K.E., Hubbard, B., Quincey, D.J., Miles, E.S., Sherpa, T.C., Rowan, A.V. and Doyle, S.H. (2018), Polythermal structure of a Himalayan debris-covered glacier revealed by borehole thermometry, Scientific Reports, 8, 16825.
Doyle, S.H., Hubbard, B., Christoffersen, P., Young, T.J., Hofstede, C., Bougamont, M., Box, J.E., and Hubbard, A. (2018), Physical conditions of fast glacier flow: 1. Measurements from boreholes drilled to the bed of Store Glacier, West Greenland, Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 123, doi.org/10.1002/2017JF004529
|Quality:||Detailed methodology, including accuracy estimation, is presented by Miles et al. (2018).
Boreholes were drilled, and sensors installed, in April-May 2017 and 2018. Each thermistor typically logged temperature every 10 minutes for the time periods evident from each data record. For the three 2017 instrumented boreholes, this logging interval was changed to hourly measurements in May 2018.
|Data Set Creator||Hubbard, Bryn; Miles, Katie; Doyle, Samuel; Quincey, Duncan; Miles, Evan|
|Data Set Title||Ice temperature time-series from sensors installed in boreholes drilled into Khumbu Glacier, Nepal, in 2017 and 2018 as part of EverDrill research project|
|Data Set Release Date||2019|
|Data Set Publisher||Polar Data Centre,Natural Environment Research Council,UK Research & Innovation|
|Other Citation Details||shortdoi:10/c399|
|Detailed Location||Khumbu Glacier, Himalaya|
|Data Collection:||Temperatures were acquired by using Honeywell UNI-curve 192-502-LET-AOI negative temperature coefficient thermistors, controlled by Campbell Scientific CR1000 data loggers from the glacier surface. Details are provided in Miles et al. (2018).
Resolution: The thermistors have an interchangeability of 0.4 degrees Celsius. After an ice bath calibration, previous studies have suggested that an accuracy of +/- 0.05 degrees can be achieved around 0 degrees. This is therefore the expected accuracy at 0 degrees, but represents an indication of uncertainty rather than a maximum limit (particularly as temperatures diverge away from 0 degrees). See Doyle et al. (2018) and Miles et al. (2018) for more information.
|Data Storage:||The data are structured in six comma-separated ASCII files (*.csv format), one for each borehole thermistor string. Each file is ~3 MB in size. Each file holds the data for a single borehole, with each column presenting a different thermistor (labelled by depth from the glacier surface, in metres; see Instrumented Borehole Info), and each row the date and time at which the temperature was recorded. Temperatures are in degrees Celsius, with extreme negative readings (< ~ -15 degC) indicating missing or erroneous data (from cable breaking).|
|Access Constraints:||No restrictions apply.|
|Use Constraints:||This data is governed by the NERC data policy http://www.nerc.ac.uk/research/sites/data/policy/ and supplied under Open Government Licence v3.0 http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/.|