This is a survey over the changing topography of a massive ice type site, Peninsula Point (UTM 8N 573400, 7701000), within the Canadian National Landmark, NWT, Canada. These data can be used as a reference for future such studies to assess massive ground ice presence. This dataset contains the survey data from Tromino 3G ENGY instruments, collected from 2019-07-31 - 2019-08-03. The project files contain the metadata of each instrument position in UTM and acquisition times. Data were collected by Northumbria University and Natural Resources Canada.
Funding was provided by NERC Arctic Office.
Geophysical Survey, Massive Ice, Passive Seismic, Permafrost
Lim, M., & Martin, J. (2020). Geophysical survey of Peninsula Point, NWT, Canada, using Tromino 3G ENGY instruments, 2019-07-31 - 2019-08-03 (Version 1.0) [Data set]. UK Polar Data Centre, Natural Environment Research Council, UK Research & Innovation. https://doi.org/10.5285/8cdf7941-f13b-4237-b921-05a6c6cde40a
|Access Constraints:||No restrictions apply.|
|Use Constraints:||These data are governed by the NERC data policy http://www.nerc.ac.uk/research/sites/data/policy/ and supplied under Open Government Licence v3.0 http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/.|
|ISO Topic Categories:||
|Organisation||British Antarctic Survey|
|Role(s)||Investigator, Technical Contact|
|Quality:||Surface to ice surface measurements from exposed ice cliffs have been used to calibrate and validate the shear wave velocities used to derive surface boundaries.|
|Lineage:||Passive seismic surveys have been conducted in order to map and characterize the spatial distribution of subsurface layers across the site at Peninsula Point. Three-dimensional wave signals within the earths sub-surface propagate through the near surface layers and notable differences between amplitudes of horizontal and vertical motions are caused by acoustic impedance contrasts at layer boundaries. The spectral ratio of horizontal over vertical responses exhibit resonance frequencies (fr) that can be directly linked to the layer thickness (h). The layer thicknesses are estimated by the quarter wavelength resonance approximation. Measurements of visible contact layer depths exposed in permafrost cliff sections adjacent to a set of control reading locations have been used to characterize relative acoustic impedance contrast signatures and to calculate shear wave velocity (Vs) through each of the main material layers (see supporting information). This has enabled the determination of two distinct high frequency signal peaks associated with specific ground layer controls.
A single peak in the resonance frequency (usually around 20 Hz) denoted active layer or slurry contact directly onto massive ice, whereas traces with a high frequency peak around 30 - 50 Hz (usually with additional lower frequency peaks of 1 - 5 Hz) represented a permafrost to ice contact. Sub-divisions were also identified: Group 1 = single distinct peak representing a shallow contact directly on to ice (no lower frequency acoustic impedance contrast); Group 2 = large peak then a secondary lower peak that corresponds with the permafrost-ice contact and then the base of the massive ice (from boreholes we know this to mostly a sand layer) respectively; Group 3 = a muted high frequency peak that then curves up to a low frequency base line; Group 4 = two comparable peaks, which may indicate a lower contrast in the impedance so potentially frozen sand layers, although there is no validation for this interpretation. Once the impedance contrast signatures were classified, the following formula was applied to calculate and validate layer boundary depths (h):
h = Vs / 4fr
A shear-wave velocity of 920 ms-1 for the permafrost was determined from cliff outcrop data at the site and was used to derive depth to the massive ice contact. Validation sites have also been used to make sure that layer properties were sufficiently consistent over the survey area (see supporting information) and active layer probe depths have been used to map ice surface where it rose to very near the ground surface (and hence no permafrost was present). The 2018 massive ground ice surface has been interpolated to form a massive ice surface relative to sea-level (Ice_Surface.tif).
|Min Altitude||0 m ASL|
|Max Altitude||12 m ASL|
|Detailed Location||Peninsula Point, Northwest Territories, Canada|
|Data Collection:||Tromino® 3G ENGY instruments have been used to record three component accelerometer measurements of ambient noise and have been processed in Grilla Software.|
|Data Storage:||The dataset consists of:
CSV table of the data used for the surface model
GeoTIFF raster interpolation of the ice surface at Peninsula Point
Images (.png) of the processed data
ASCII raw data files (.dat) from the Tromino surveys