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Kilometre and sub-kilometre scale atmosphere-only model simulations using the Met Office Unified Model of a foehn wind event over the Larsen C Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula on 27 January 2011
GB/NERC/BAS/PDC/01513

Summary

Abstract:
Firstly, simulations of surface pressure, 10 m zonal wind speed, 10 m meridional wind speed, 1.5 m air temperature, and 1.5 m specific humidity over the Larsen C Ice Shelf for the duration of the OFCAP (Orographic Flows and the Climate of the Antarctic Peninsula) field campaign from 8 January 2011 to 8 February 2011 were conducted using the regional atmosphere-only configuration of the Met Office Unified Model (MetUM) at 4 km grid spacing by the British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK. The datasets produced were necessary to compare with corresponding measurements derived from five Automatic Weather Stations (AWSs) distributed across the Larsen C Ice Shelf to evaluate the main biases in the simulations. Secondly, further MetUM simulations at grid spacings of 1.5 and 0.5 km of a foehn wind event that occurred on 27 January 2011 were conducted, with the datasets produced used to compare results at 4, 1.5 and 0.5 km grid spacing and examine whether the added benefit of sub-kilometre scale grid spacing improves the model representation of foehn winds. Thirdly, a simulation of the foehn wind event on 27 January 2011 using the MetUM at 4 km grid spacing but replacing the 'sharp' stability function used by the boundary layer scheme with the 'long-tail' stability function were also conducted, with the dataset produced used to examine the impact of stronger turbulent mixing for statically stable conditions on the model representation of foehn winds.

Funding was provided by NERC grant NE/G014124/1.

Keywords:
Antarctic Peninsula, Foehn winds/jets, Kilometre and sub-kilometre grid scales, Larsen C Ice Shelf, MetUM, Regional atmospheric model

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