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Dominant spatial and temporal patterns of horizontal ionospheric plasma velocity variation covering the northern polar region, from 1997.0 to 2009.0 - VERSION 2.0
GB/NERC/BAS/PDC/01630

Summary

Abstract:
We present a concurrent series of 144 monthly reanalyses of Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) plasma velocity measurements, using the method of data-interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions (EOFs). For each monthly reanalysis, the 5-minute median values of the northern polar region's radar-measured line-of-sight Doppler plasma velocities are binned in an equal-area grid defined in quasi-dipole latitude and quasi-dipole magnetic local time (MLT). The grid cells each have an area of approximately 110,000km2, and the grid extends to 30 degrees colatitude. Within this spatial grid, the sparse binned data are infilled to provide a measurement at every spatial and temporal location via two different EOF analysis models: one tailored to instances of low data coverage, the other tailored to higher data coverage. These two models each comprise 144 monthly sets of orthogonal modes of variability (spatial and temporal patterns), along with the timestamps of each epoch, and the spatial coordinate information of all bin locations. A companion dataset determines which of the two models should be chosen in each location for each month, in order to ensure the best accuracy of the infill solution. We also provide the temporal mean of the data in each spatial bin, which is removed prior to the EOF analysis. Collectively, the reanalysis delivers the SuperDARN data in terms of cardinal north and east vector components (in the quasi-dipole coordinate frame), without its usual extreme sparseness, for studies of ionospheric electrodynamics for the period 1997.0 to 2009.0.

Funding was provided by NERC Standard grant NE/N01099X/1, titled 'Thermospheric Heating Modes and Effects on Satellites' (THeMES).

Keywords:
Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions, Ionospheric electrodynamics, Plasma velocity, SuperDARN reanalysis, Upper atmosphere dynamics

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